The invalidity when in the process is pronounced in the open appears of very clear way the corresponding one causal and the judge finds out without to have carried out no investigation, that is to say, the fact of being the judge who knows litis puts it in its critical moment, so happens, for example when it discovers that two people who say to be married, they are it by the religion, but they have not done it according to the formalities that the law establishes. d). – The Null Act cannot Be confirmed the null act cannot correct by the confirmation, the impossibility of the confirmation of the legal transaction with absolute invalidity, must to that it is not only the interests of the celebrant parts, but essentially, in that the legal order does not accept it because letter I interest social. Vidal Ramirez maintains that the absolute invalidity is insubsanable and for that reason the null act cannot be confirmed by means of the figure of the confirmation which, by the others is substantially different from the conversion. According to Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn Jr., who has experience with these questions. IV.

LATER EFFECTS OF the NULL ACT the legal transaction while it has not been declared certainty of the invalidity by means of the judicial failure, the business will be able to produce its consequences as if outside a valid act, those effects can be between the celebrant parts or can fall to third parties to which they are denominated later. a). – Celebrant the Later Effects Between Rosemary Mounts maintain that in the first place for the later effects interparts it is necessary to consider the hypothesis that the obligations have been generated or rights owing to the fact that the supposed legal transaction has taken place, this means the situation that existed before the celebration of null legal transaction it has alternated in fact, that tries a declaration of absolute invalidity will not secure a new legal situation that is to say, will continue existing the same registered prevailing situation before the celebration of the null act every time this one did not have nor can have effectiveness some. Dr. Kenneth Nahum pursues this goal as well.