In recent years the cognition is come close detaching as a central concern of the psychological teorizao. Although it is seen many times as something innovative, the cognitiva emphasis is part of the theory of the learning has many decades, with exception of some radical behavioristas, particularly Skinner. (CLONINGER, 1999). The behavioristas that follow the tradition of the radical behaviourism of Skinner oppose it inclusion of the cognitivas 0 variable in the mannering theories. They affirm that the cognitivas 0 variable are not directly observed and they cannot be produced, without double direction, for the experimental manipulations. (CLONINGER, 1999) Beyond the interest purely theoretician, the cognitivas boardings had generated new strategies of therapy and of different methods of research of an only citizen, they are relative to the aspects individual of the research. The third boarding explored here, will be the boarding humanist, in which the man not only conceives as the addition of isolated behaviors and yes as a whole, in its completeness, impossible of divisions, therefore one gestalt (CASTAON, 2007).
In the conception humanist, the study of the human being in its healthy form and its psicopatologia searchs, not turning itself toward the study of its qualities and positive characteristics, leaving in second plain, the negative characteristics (CASTAON, 2007). Goldstein exerted powerful influence on the psychologists humanists, in the measure that introduced concepts as auto-update and trend to the growth, that had passed to be assimilated by psychologists humanists. This exactly author detaches the present relevance of the Gestalt in the humanistic process (CASTAON, 2007). Psychology Humanist Is also characterized, for a continuous belief in the responsibilities of the individual and its capacity to foresee that they will take it to steps to a more decisive confrontation with its reality. In this theory the individual is the only one that it has potentiality to know the totality of the dynamics of its behavior and its perceptions of the reality and to discover more appropriate behaviors for itself.