Tag: psychology

The Social

This makes in them to reflect what (Jaspers, 1991) it emphasized on the necessity of the medicine to recoup the subjective elements of the communication between the doctor and the patient, because according to it, this dialogue improperly was assumed by the psychoanalysis and forgotten by the medicine, following only instrumentations techniques and the objetividade given them. These principles finish being repassed of generation generation, is what it perceives in the teachings of the Jack doctor for its residents, this is a basic moment to understand its way to think the medicine, what unhappyly it characterizes it as arrogant, one onipotente ahead of its patients, no matter how hard it had a psychological and human aiming. Being thus, it is important to transcribe what it said in the film for the medicine students: ‘ ‘ it has a danger to become attached itself of more for the patient, a danger to become involved of mais’ ‘. It also said that: ‘ ‘ surgery is a judgment, to judge you needs to be detached, therefore you do not have nothing of natural in the surgery, because this opening a body. Dean Ornish M.D is likely to agree. The work of the surgeon is to cut! You have a possibility, you enter, fix outside and leave! ‘ ‘. What during the film the residents repeat with mood. As the agreement of hospital psychology had a very invasive moment for the Harris patient, when the Meckee doctor took the residents to know it, they had ignored its moment of comfort spiritual, removing priest of close to the stream bed. On patient the medical understanding/these actions are based on the mechanist perspective, considered as complex phenomena, consisting of simple principles, that is, relation of cause-effect, cartesian distinction between mind and body, analysis of the body as machine, minimizing the social, psychological and mannering aspects..

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Chemical Agents

Other related factors are certain CHEMICAL AGENTS (as rsenic, asbestos, beryllium, chromium, radnio, nickel, cadmium and chloride of vinila, found mainly in the occupational environment), DIETARY FACTORS (low consumption of fruits and vegetables), CHRONIC PULMONARY ILLNESS OBSTRUTIVA (enfisema pulmonary and chronic bronchitis), GENETIC FACTORS (that they premake use to the carcinognica action) FAMILIAR HISTORY OF CANCER DE PULMO.SINTOMASOs tumors of CENTRAL LOCALIZATION they provoke symptoms as hempticos cough, hissings, estridor (snore), pain in the thorax, escarros (escarro with blood), dispnia (air lack) and pneumonia. The tumors of PERIPHERAL LOCALIZATION they are generally assintomticos. When they they invade the pleura or the torcica wall, they cause pain, cough and dispnia of the restrictive type, that is, little more important expansibilidade pulmonarPREVENOA and efficient prevention of the lung cancer is the PRIMARY, that is, the COMBAT TO the TOBACCOISM. To deepen your understanding University of Iowa College of Medicine is the source. The action allows to the reduction of the number of cases (incidence) and of mortalidade.TRATAMENTODo therapeutical point of view exists three alternatives: surgery, x-ray and chemotherapy. These methods can be associates to get optimum result. In period of training IV the chemotherapy is the treatment of choice, however the cure possibilities extremely are reduced. Psychological aspects can become to notice in patients acometidos for the lung cancer, with manifestations of repentance, it estresse psico organic, guilt, depressed mood, misunderstandings and collections familiar, low auto they esteem, discriminations, etc the psychological support will go to try to minimize the discomforts why it passes the patient, familiar and the team hospital.Suely Bischoff Axe of hospital 06/8495Psicloga OliveirPsicloga CRP/grad.por Psico oncologistPs the Hospital of a.C.Camargo Cancer

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Work Minayo Health

although hard the critical one, emseu work with regard to the institutions and organizations, Dejours walks opposing nadireo of its skepticism. In its day the day as epsicodinamista researcher produces concepts, theories and methodologies that create hopes deck the reality can be different, that is, modified. Speaking candidly Professor Roy Taylor told us the story. (LANCMAN and UCHIDA, 2003, P.82). este the direction that awakes so great interest and that it leads to all cover otrajeto of the history of Psychology in the labor context and its interaction with asade, looking to the understanding of the Psicodinmica of the Work and its principaisconsideraes. 2 Concepesacerca of the relation Health and Work Minayo-Gomes and Thedim (1997) affirm that since the antiquity already the existing relation between work and health seconstatava/illness. Following then it chains Psicodinmica of the Work, we will leave of side factor illness, pensandosomente in the factor Health and Work.

2,1 Health to give beginning to this chapter, is looked to define the concept of Sadesegundo more the spread out definition than it is found in the Constitution the World-wide dOrganizao of Sade (OMS) and to also detach some counterpoints that amesma brings nowadays to tona. As data of the site World-wide dOrganizao of the Health s/d the same one is a specialized agency emsade, established in 7 of April of 1948 and subordinate to the Organization of the NaesUnidas. Its headquarters are placed in Geneva, Switzerland, and its origins happen at the beginning of the guerrasiniciadas ones of century XIX. According to its constitution, the OMS has porobjetivo to develop to the possible maximum the level of health of all the peoples. When the OMS was servant, had a concern in tracing a positive vision desade, that it would include factors as the feeding, physical activity, access aosistema of health etc. When analyzing the evolution of the concepts of the word ' ' sade' ' , vision of the same is sent fatoda, to be understood only as the not-illness state.

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Psychoanalysis Interview

In Psychoanalysis, anamnese is not interview. Interview is a term reserved for some meeting of special type, does not stop regular contacts. It is treated, therefore of what one becomes before undertaking a psicanaltico treatment. Its purpose is in the way ampler than in anamnese, to decide if the person who consults must carry through a psicanaltico treatment or of another nature. Also in it a deep vision of the contraindications will be had. The interview is a facilitador factor where the interviewed one has the free expression of its mental processes. In the reality, this never obtains with the procedure of deed of division of questions and answers.

This does not discard the possibility to submit some questions or to ask for that the patient future speaks on something specific that it will facilitate in the future its analysis. We go to summarize some basic characteristics in the interview: 1.O field of the interview will be better if the participation of the interviewer will be minimum. 2.A strong dose of anxiety and/or anguish already in the interview is alg very common and must give (tax to YOU of ignorance); 3.O future analyzed has that to be informed on the purpose to answer to a consultation on its mental analysis and its problems, to see if it has necessity of accompaniment or treatment; 4.Em the interview we are always face the face moving away itself the use from the Div 5.A interview is not based on the rules of free Association, even so already if it initiates a species of assay of the same one; 6.O Psychoanalytic will be able to stimulate and until influencing with attitudes with not verbal attitudes, but with the physiology; 7.As notations of what it interests in the decision how much the analisibilidade, will have to be made of discrete, elegant and not acintoso form; 8.No if must interpret nor make, diagnosis during the interview. Its words must lead never to only and induce; 9.O Psychoanalytic does not have to appeal the procedures that prevent the anxiety, as the support or the suggestion. Neither to decide it with the specific instrument of the interpretation; 10.Em the end of each interview already predominates the will to come back, that it will be fortified in the course of analysis; 11.O time of the interview must be limited, as two, three or more sessions. Starting then the analysis properly said; 12.Deve to be distinct of the process of formal Psychoanalysis, thus the patient knows where she finished one and she started to another one; The interview informs on basic facts, not as analysis object, but as to define it will be or not possible the analysis work; 13.Em the interview, also the patient will be able to arrive at the conclusion of that this Psychoanalyst is not indicated to it, without, however to open hand of the treatment with another one. It is absolutely common, patient that they go to some analysts, in search of that satisfies its fancies a priori.

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End Treatment

2,3 Procedures the data had been collected in the CAPS, keeping the ethics that are demanded. The interviews had been made in group, but the questions were directed for each one of them and all had waited for its moment of speaking, these interviews had later been transcribing. After the transcription these had been divided in categories for the construction of the article. The interviews had calmly occurred, although to have a certain confusion in some answers, from this were possible that they answered all the questions of our interview. 3 RESULTS AND QUARREL the research ahead of the referring collection of data to the situation of the individual with determined insanity and that one meets in treatment in the CAPS located in the quarter of You sprout of the city of Salvador had as interest the comment of this patient by means of its real perception of what it comes to be its treatment and the way with that deals with the professionals of the team. Being thus, the analysis that if kept in a group of patients at the moment of the interviews came if to detail more specifically to the end with three individuals that had authorizeed the publication of its names.

However we will go to classify them as patient 1, 2 and 3 for one better development of its results. At the first moment it was looked to know how the individuals would have fond of the CAPS and of the three in question, two had been taken by the family (1) and (3) and the other (2) would have fond until the center in function to be having hallucinations and already to have passed for other psychiatric hospitals. In function of this, also the way was told with that they deal them to the professionals and all categorically had demonstrated a great affection for the people attend who them pparently being evident that they feel themselves when being making the treatment with this team of professionals well, with this through the interventions of the researchers for the field of Psychology they had come to pontuar the relation that has with the professional of Psychology and two (1) and (3) had spoken to feel themselves very well in the colloquies that it has with same if comparative the medicamentoso treatment, on the other hand the individual number (2) say to have certain resistance the work of the psychologist and thus it prefers to make the use of the remedies that cited for it leave discerning and in case that it does not take them comes to present hallucinations, as already it happened of it to have motionless to take secretely by its doctor.

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So Paulo

Saulo grew in the street. It attended a course only the first series, not obtaining to exceed this series due its difficulty of learning. In 2003? to the 8 years of age – the glue use initiated. Had to the envolvement with the glue and the experience of street, in 2007, to the 12 years, the father? dealer of drugs – it came to search it took and it for So Paulo, but it did not offer to the son no protection. Neglecter, beyond not offering mninas conditions of care, attention and affection, finished for stimulating the son to use crack.

Not supporting the conditions of maltreatment and violence which was submitted, Saulo was to live in the street. To the 14 years, it was found and received by a shelter. That in turn, taking care of to the apelos of Saulo to come back to live with the mother, it entered in contact with the Advice To tutor of Recife, directing it in return to this city. Since then, it continues to make use of drugs and practises small roberies and robberies. Currently, it is being threatened of death, which had to the robberies. It is not studying and it does not obtain to remain one week in house for more than, not to be that it is chained.

Form that the genitora found to protect it of these threats and of lives deeply of street. It is clearly that makes it for not obtaining to glimpse it alternative. As it does not obtain to convince the son through argument, the same one says that ' ' it prefers to chain it that to lose it for drogas' ' (sic). Petrini (2003), apud Gomes and Pereira (2004) affirms that to the measure that the family finds difficulties satisfactorily to fulfill to its basic tasks of socialization and support/services to its members, vulnerability situations are created.

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Lung Cancer

Today, although the efforts of the ambientalistas, the majority of the industries polui air, as well as vehicles that they free in the atmosphere many you substantiate harmful to the environment, and desmedida greed of the man in devastar the forests. The lung cancer is the most common of all malignant tumors. In 90% of the diagnosised cases, it is associated with the consumption of TOBACCO derivatives, therefore, it is an illness EVITVEL. In Brazil, the lung cancer was responsible for 16.230 deaths in 2003 (INCA), being the type of cancer that more made victims. In 2008 it had in Brazil an incidence of 27.270 new cases. But the case is more preoccupying when we lead in account that the passive smokers, that is, the not smoking ones who coexist people who smoke, also tend to the cancer. Of each 20 passive smokers, 1 will have cancer. The deaths for cancer of lung due to the tobaccoism surprise, that is, 90% they are men and 75% are women.

The lung cancer, of the anatomo-pathological point of view, is classified in two main types: 1) Small cells CPCP/20% of casos=> they present one worse prognostic with one high metasttico potential and 2) Not-small clulas/CNPCP/80% of casos=> as the carcinoma that is an epithelial malignant tumor or to glandular that it tends to invade surrounding fabrics, originating metstase, that is, is the skin cancer not melanoma.DIAGNSTICO The symptoms most common of the lung cancer are the air cough, lack, loss of the appetite, emagrecimento saliva or escarro with blood. Moreover, pains in the chest or the bones can occur a repetition pneumonia can, also, be the initial presentation of the illness. The way most easy to diagnosis the lung cancer is through a ray-x of the thorax complemented for a computerized cat scan. A gotten time the confirmation of the illness, is carried through ESTADIAMENTO (TNM) that it evaluates the period of training of evolution, that is, verifies if the illness is restricted to the lung or spread by other agencies (metstase), as for example crebro.FATORES OF RISCOIndependentemente of the cellular type, the TOBACCOISM it is the main factor of risk of the pulmonary cancer.

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Essential Balance

At last, almost all the shown attitudes present as summary ' ' equilbrio' ': To love, but to impose limits; To watch, but not to suffocate; To give the example, but to leave the child to have its proper individuality. One of the best notice observed in this study was that to be good father or good mother he is something that can be learned and be trained. Bibliography: ROBERT, E. Essential Balance: 10 ways to narrow affection bows and to prepare the children for the life. Mind and Brain, So Paulo: Duetto, Year XVII, N 215, p.27-33

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The Patient

The world if modified in this time much more that in the previous centuries, and the moment is of reflection and new taken of position the problems of the health more they are aggravated with the said illnesses of the current civilization, and the technological advances had brought quantitative and qualitative changes in the form of if living and dying. In way to everything this, the constatao of that scientific knowing of the last centuries compromised our humanity while people human beings becoming necessary a new paradigm (including knowing scientific and the aspectossociais of the reality) to face the future realities. The challenges of the Biotica while to know that it joins specialists and laypeople, and of hospital Psychology while specialty to minimize the suffering of patients in a hospital context, pointing ways of ampler vision of the human being who we have and the world that we want. In this context Biotica and Psicologia they search to humanizar the hospital and to make possible to each patient a more active participation in relation proper itself, to its illness and also to its death. The patient is seen as subject of itself exactly, fomenting more horizontal quarrels with its 7 cuidadores, that also the interpersonal bonds are considered, sharing decisions and to know differentiated. A look more complex must be searched than the generalizante knowing of them bipartite for a possible free and tolerant conviviality with the differences. We look for to understand the process historical of each boarding stops conciliating in them of form not to repeat the errors already committed and to advance with more security in direction to the future. We know the difficult quo is the way of the dialogue and the search of consensus in questions that involve the life and the life, the death and dying, but valley to remember Lutzenmberg there when asked on why always it swam against the chain, what it answered: because thus one only arrives the springs.

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