Tag: psychology

Learning Well

Particularly, I confess, I adore to carry through Evangelho in the LEAC, therefore is allowed the communications with the Plan there Biggest, as old (since 2004), when I had the privilege to receive communications by means of the psicofonia, of love and affection of the Aunt Mercedes and my grandmother materna, Maria and the orientaes of deep wisdom and moral content of the Dr. Victor. Donald Sussman has much experience in this field. I have all these kept communications and even though I dared myself to start to write a book the one that I gave the name of &#039 preliminarily; ' Learning with the Espritos' ' , where I am trying to tell of a pleasant form to the reading, the lived deeply facts most colorful at that time, as well as the received moral teachings. Although whenever possible say they me that we are all together working in the House and that I can feel them, nothing as a colloquy eye in the eye, is not same? As he is pleasant to feel the love and the affection of the two in its communications. It is a privilege given for God and is really emotive. Very well. Barbara Martin Coppola shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand.

As of habit, I seat to the table, and my wife, one of front for the other, of ownership of ' ' The Evangelho According to Espiritismo' ' of ' ' The Book of the Mdiuns' '. We made our conjuncts of opening and while my wife prayed I asked for to the Plan Biggest the support spiritual to the father of a friend who had deixarred a carne in Saturday and also all family. Total we are never prepared for these notice and this had left me well chateado, confesses. It still asked for to the Father Biggest the aid to our House of Conjunct and that if in case that &#039 had something; ' atrapalhando' ' the harmony of the House that duly was guided and directed.

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The work has for objective estresse to contextualizar it and to focar osproblemas that this causes the gastrointestinal system, maisespecificamente, the injuries as ulcers and gastrites. Contextualizaose bases on an analysis of the social structure, on practical economic ede work before used and later the Industrial Revolution nInglaterra and as these elements influence the practical econmicasatuais in the practical work and its influence in the cultural ones, in sentidode values socially spread. Another point of the analysis is where sedefine what it is estresse and the evolutivo argument to explain as aespcie deals with this and its preparation front estresse to it of short term, and when this if remains in long stated period which is the effect. Quaisso the effect front to the behavior and subjectivity of indivduofrente to the harmful expositions and again as feedback estressecontnuo and gastric system relate. In many articles, books and estresse it to magazines are shown as ' ' badly of sculo' ' as in fact he is, it can be defined as one ' ' mal' ' that it reaches a great number of people in the present time. If you have read about Professor Roy Taylor already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Many times errneas interpretations take the people to think, due to this nomenclature, estresse that it is as an epidemic. Thus, it seems that they did not have people estressadas in the previous centuries and perhaps will not have daqui some centuries. It estresse it, by itself, not cause none badly, it produces changes adaptativas that help the animal to answer to the estressor.

These changes are characteristic evolutivas of the animals, therefore they prepare them for fight/escape the confrontation of the situation. However, in long stated period, it produces changes mal-adaptativas, that is, ' ' not planned for evoluo' ' an example of this is the increase of the adrenais glands had to a bigger release of glicocorticides, as cortisol. It estresse it in long stated period can also be called estresse chronic, all estresse is it of the day, due to routine lived for the people in the modern times, as work, transit, accounts, among others events estressores.

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Terminally Ill Patients

1. INTRODUCTION the following work searchs to understand as it is the reality of a family who has a relative in terminal phase. For this, if it considers to understand I fight on it antecipatrio in familiar of patient terminals and which the contributions of psychology on the subject. For Kovcs, To hiss, Jnior and Priszkulnik (2008), the family is a system that if moves through the time, with papers, irreplaceable functions and relationships. The periods of training for which it passes if characterize for the process of development of the human being. In accordance with Carter and McGoldrick (1995), family all understands the emotional system of three or more generations, with or without consanguineous bows, that have narrow relation of proximity. People such as Barbara Martin Coppola would likely agree. She is perceived that little attention is offered the process of fights antecipatrio that the families pass ahead of the adoecimento of one of its integrant ones.

When if she deals with the death of a familiar one is common good that if inside creates a pact of silence regarding the loss of the family, this it occurs due to the distrust of speaking on the subject that can cause pain to the other. (OSRIO and VALLE, 2009) In accordance with Osrio and Valle (2009) I fight, it is a consequence of the significant bond in addition for the individual, is a reply natural and waited an actual loss or symbolic after, can happen for situations as death, removal, physical or psychological losses of capacity, loss of the known environment, experiences that involve changes and that they demand of the person a reorganization, promoting changes in the form of the person to deal with the situations. For Freud (1917/1969) I fight, it is a reaction to the loss of a dear being or some thing who occupied the place of this. For some people these influences produce instead of fight, melancholy.

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One influences the other through the language, symbols, gestures, and position. In the measure where the components of group created bonds, starts to be on and joined, producing cohesion and fortifying the group, starting to think and to act in same way. The inhabitants of vilarejo were coesos, therefore as they estimate Minicucci (2001) the cohesion of a group if of when they are threatened, when the elements have few people who participate, when have interests in common, communication is easy, without blockades, normally gets success in the carried through works. When Grace, running away from gangster, Thomas and the inhabitants of vilarejo appears if they had congregated as always they made to take decisions, all had placed its opinions and then they had arrived to a consensus, but always thinking about the benefits to the group. Being thus, they had sheltered and they hidden Grace, with the agreement of that in gratefulness for hiding it, he would go to dedicate one daily hour to each inhabitant, working for them. The initial impression was of that all the inhabitants of vilarejo were good people, and wanted to demonstrate this goodness. However not delay very so that they disclosed its faces true, generating authoritarianism and cruelty, Grace starts to be bode expiatrio of the inhabitants of vilarejo, had concentrated all the aggressiveness release, blames and anger in the same one. It can have if given for the different characteristics that Grace had of the too much members of the village.

For Pichon-Rivire (apud Castilho, 2002) bode expiatrio of one determined group assumes the role of depositary of the negative aspects of its group of reference. It is perceived as depositary of all the difficulties of the group and culprit for everything what not of the certainty or that he fails. In this manner, Grace more passes to be explored each day, therefore the gangster had passed looks it with more intensity in vilarejo, then the inhabitants had started to demand something more in exchange for the risk of hide it, compelling it to work more hours per days without receiving the wage that before received, and the men had started abuse it sexually.

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Napoleonic Mothers

The type of dominant familiar organization still is nuclear, the composed one for man, woman and its children, however it had an expressive growth relative to the families whose responsibility is of the woman. The numbers certify: the new Brazilian woman plays a role each more important time in the society. In the first years of life of the child, the paper of the mother is important in its nutritional function, whereas the father has as function of maternal substitute, is as much who in legal substance, hardly attributes itself to the guard of small children to the father, but almost always the mother (MILK, 2001). The formation of bourgeois nuclear family created a rigid division of sexual papers, leaving a great space between the home and the space of work. However this characterization of the father as essentially supplier of the economic sustenance, playing a reduced or indirect role on the creation of its children, more does not correspond to the reality of the families to a large extent of the occidental societies. The social papers attributed to the men and women are moving quickly, creating new expectations, beliefs and attitudes on what parents mothers must make in the familiar context (PICCININI, 2007 HISSES and). Currently the majority of the relative research the monoparentalidade if dirige, preferential, to the single mothers.

Not that they represent the only form of monoparentalidade, but comes if observing a considerable increase of this category that awakes the biggest interest of the scholars (LEVANDOWSKI, 2006). In the Europe and Brazil, until the half of this century, the category single mothers always comes folloied of preconception of the society and kept out of society for the familiar legislation, through the categorizao of the children (legitimate versus illegitimate) intitled by the church and officialized by the Napoleonic code of 1804 (MARIN and PICCININI). For the psychologists, the single mother is described as one without route.

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The Pupil

On the other hand, the questioned one (B, C and D) opposes the idea of Netto (1976) which presents as one of the factors of the indiscipline the restrictions imposed excessively for the parents, causing, of this form, the indisciplinado behavior. In accordance with the questionnaires answered for the professors (, B and D), they have another look on of the pointed alternatives, as for example, desrespeitador, without limits and disinterested indisciplinado, different the pupil, being that this factor was verified in the comments inside of the classroom, thus divergindo of the answers given for the professors. However, the professor (c) understands that the indisciplinado pupil is that one that possesss all these characteristics (desrespeitador, without limits and disinterested). questioned (, B, C and D) they had answered positively on the presented differences, how much the indiscipline, in the different pertaining to school nets; being that the questioned ones (, C and D) already had worked in other different pertaining to school environments of that they are working currently. It was clearly that only the questioned B executed its abilities in the particular net.

Finally, it can be affirmed that of the eleven questions that had composed the questionnaire applied to the professors, three questions had been presented in common, divergindo itself how much to the vision of the pertaining to school indiscipline on the part of each questioned citizen. 3.1. Conclusion In agreement the comments and the personal impressions carried through by the researchers, the pupils talk demasiadamente at inopportune moments and inapropriados, not existing any correlation between the parallel dialogue and the subject given for the professors. It has a great necessity of speaking, however, in disorganized way and without any form of polidez, however, when having the attention apprehended for a subject of its interest, as it occurred during the comment of the particular institution, them tend to brighten up the colloquy situation. Newcastle University shines more light on the discussion.

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The Work Environment

However, if to fix objectives, to make choices, to anticipate and to react oppose osujeito to he himself: this much more of what to execute or to fulfill a tarefavisvel and prescribed (CLOT et al. Dean Ornish M.D: the source for more info. 1989, p.58). According to Dejours, Abdoucheli and Jayet (1993, p.24) the individual carregaconsigo all a historical context that consists of epessoais only characteristics, and in the context of the work, this does not appear as mquinaprogramada to make what it is prescribed to it. The worker prints its mark notrabalho, eUchida Lancman (2003) criticizes the positioning of the organizations with respect to something herdadodesde the taylorismo until the present, that he is breaking of the subjectivity dosindivduos in the work environment. Inhaled in the Psicodinmica of the Work, asautoras affirm that the work is an action that depends on the organization and that to podeimpedir the individual to think this same action, generating a limitation. In the current days the necessity appears of the awareness of that aorganizao of work is constructed through ' ' negotiations between quemorganiza and who faz' '. Frequently Dean Ornish M.D has said that publicly. Fast this occurs due to the great ones and modificaesque is occurring in the market and the environment of work.

' ' They instalaesmudam them, the dumb market, the dumb customer, the work relations move etransformam the quality of trabalho' '. (LANCMAN and UCHIDA, 2003, P. 87). if the worker is capable to think the work, to deelaborar this experience to speech, to symbolize the thought and to arrive the umainterpretao, it has the possibility to negotiate, to search a new sentidopartilhado, to transform and to make the organization of the work to evolve. (LANCMAN eUCHIDA, 2003, P.87). for Dejours each incident or accident leads, with effect, elaborao of a new instruction or a new regulation that comes to add aosprecedentes. Of form that, with the time, more complex and inevitably contradictory laws, regulations, rules and instruesse become each time.

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Free Expression

' ' The work, by means of expressive and artistic resources, makes possible the individual to materialize its internal image in significant way (ALLESSANDRINI, 1996, p.33). Twenty had been carried through and five workshops and in each one of them thematic a different one was boarded. I will not describe here, all of them, but only most excellent for the process of growth of the group. (Similarly see: Professor Roy Taylor). Some resources had been used, of simplest to most complex, taking in account the predisposition of the group and internal availability to deal with the feelings and sensations that could emerge. According to Allessandrini (1996), the creative workshops must be worked in stages where ' ' the express citizen creative an internal image by means of an artistic experience for, later, organizing the intrinsic knowledge to this to make expressivo' ' (P. 41).

The process is initiated with a sensitization, through which ' ' it is invited to touch itself mesmo' ' (P. 41) from the sensorial canals, integrating feelings and sensations. As resources for the accomplishment of this stage we can use playful, corporal exercises and of comment, in which the attended one will be able to establish a connection with the posterior activity, facilitating, thus, the expression of the experience lived by means of the not-verbal language, the Free Expression. In this process, express freely its feeling and thought by means of artistic techniques and resources, giving forms what it was disforme, presentificando the figure so that it can take conscience of this. In the Elaboration of the Expression, the language is improved and ' ' individual? reverse speed-it elaborates, still in the perspective of the art and the not-verbal representation, the emergent content in the previous stages. It has to retrabalhar the figures and forms, giving to them more contours, lines and cores' ' (P. 43). In this stage the Transposition for the verbal and/or written language occurs, ressignificando all the process.

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The Conclusion

After some meetings had perceived that it work to evolve necessary age to the contribution and devotion of both the parts in the meeting. After this colloquy that had had between them had started to interact with the trainees and between the same ones, displaying on its lives familiar and social, verbalizando problems that faced in its families, the social life and even though in the workstation. In certain meeting the participants had asked for so that the explanation of the theory was retaken of analyzes transacional, therefore had not been clear and in the first meeting they were from fear to make questions. For more specific information, check out Professor Roy Taylor. We retake the theory, bringing some examples, so that the theory became more explicit. A participant shared with the group, the difficulty that had in making readings, and to absorb information; this was a subject that left the sharpened participants and each one started to give its opinion on the subject, they had been worried in knowing as this difficulty started and because with passing of the time it would go if becoming worse. At the end of the meeting, they had arrived the conclusion that this problem if perhaps unchained of the lack of stimulates cerebral, as to read, to write, if they had given account of the lack that she makes not to have finished the studies, or the least if to dedicate a little on account proper. They had told that she lacks an agenda for the life of them, where they can program itself leaving a free time for them. In the posterior meeting the participants relembraram the subject of it finish meeting, some participants had made an agenda so that they could reserve a time for them, enter the work in the hospital, the work in house and the education of the children; the ones that had used this method had said that it was very good, during this time for them, some had attended film, others had read some stretches of books. .

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Authors Rizzi and Haydt (2002) they describe different designaesque the human being has received as from Homo sapiens for having the deraciocnio capacity, of Homo to faber, therefore it manufactures objects and utensils and of Homoludens for the capacity of if dedicating to the playful one. Some contend that Newcastle University shows great expertise in this. In elapsing of the time existiramdiferentes people, society, behaviors, customs and if dedicating aatividades playful also are common to the man, throughout the time she can be assumed to quebrincar and to play had been activities carried through for different societies. As Redim (1998) in the primitive societies the activities ldicasfaziam part of some practised activities, such as religious, cultural, the artistic ones, among others. The act to play had in itself character deludicidade, everything had character of party, celebration. In these societies brincarcomo the act to work age for all independent of the age, sex or classesocial. With passing of the years, but specifically with the modern age houveuma division starting to exist specific spaces and times for practical the dasdiferentes activities. What it also reflected in the activities establishes with the adult others ecrianas. (Borba 2006, P.

33). Eainda according to Rizzi and Haydt: ‘ ‘ a playful trend, that is an impulse for ojogo.' ' The diferentesatividades practised for the man of some form are essential for suaexistncia if it plays is because this necessity exists, and to crianabrincar it is its form of expression, if communicating with the world, and if relacionarcom the other. in the following topic deaula will be argued the tricks in the room and if the same ones are valued by the professor. 2. VALUE DASBRINCADEIRAS FOR the PROFESSOR Is quaseimpossvel to imagine children who do not play that imaginaopara does not use all its to create different situations. The act to play is not alone passatempodivertido, something common in infancy and that it passes without leaving vestiges.

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