Tag: psychology

Jean Piaget

This is the basic point, that the learning of a superior level of dexterity or ability has as requirement; the learning and the domain, in way the one that one cannot fulfill? if without this, has been produced previously. I accumulate it is it of experience that implies in the result intended concrete. For more specific information, check out Darcy Stacom. Construtivista Cognitivismo is the boarding developed from the Swiss epistemlogo Jean Piaget, known for its work of organization of the cognitivo development of the child in periods of training. The main characteristics of the piagetina theory are: 1) acquisition of the language depends on the cognitivo, of – the development of the intelligence of the child; 2) I serve as apprentice in it of cognitivo development, of – the development of the symbolic revolution, by means of which the experience can be stored and be recouped; 3) the acquisition is seen as resulted of the interaction between the environment and the organism, through assimilations and rooms, responsible for the development of intelligence in general. Sociointeracionismo, some critical ones to the piagetino model, for disrespecting the paper of relations partners in the development of the child, had led studious to search in the ideas of Lev Semionovitch Vygotsky, psychologist bielorrusso, a new model for infantile development. Vygotsky died in 1934, but its book THOUGHT AND LANGUAGE alone was launched in the Ocidente, its main was: ) it says and practical thought must the same be studied under prism and the symbolic activity, made possible for says, has a function organizer of the thought: with the aid of she speaks, the child starts to control the environment and the proper behavior; b) the meanings of the acquired words become embryos for the formation of concepts; c) the description-social and cultural development determines the thought; d) the acquisition of the language is seen as a process for which the child if firm as subject of the language (and not as passive apprentice) and for which construct, at the same time, its knowledge of the world, passing for the other, its interlocutor.

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Hospitals and Kids

It around places of them toys attractive and colored to stir up to catch them it them. To call them for the name frequently so that they try to raise the head to look who flame or to turn themselves or to roll if aproximar’ ‘ (P. Click Dave Parker to learn more. 68) Lindquist (1993), salient despite, the carrying child of deficiency must feel relaxed insurance and, sensible capable to complete its activities alone, that is it is necessary that the therapist and parents inside promote autonomy in the child of its possibilities. The active participation of the parents and the fomentao of the autonomy of the child, and extremely beneficial for the promotion of its quality of life in hospitalization process. The CHILD, the DEATH AND HOSPITALIZATION kovacs (2007), says on the loss of next people and the suffering that event causes for the child. Get all the facts and insights with Jim Rice, another great source of information.

Not to speak with the child on the occurrence? death? to protect it, it can have contrary effect and provoke more suffering, for the fact of the child not yet to know what it is happening and nor to possess experiences of as to deal with the feelings that appear ahead of the loss. Still in accordance with kovacs (2007), the psicoterpico work, in the most diverse boardings, points that the child perceive all movement about the death and express its feelings and distress in the tricks or graphical activities. The loss of the mother for a child during the motor and felt sensrio period as destruction and abandonment. During the adoecimento in a hospital the child needs the following cares: ‘ ‘ … – next familiar people mainly mother or person who is of the conviviality of the child, who can be present the biggest possible time; – much physical contact, exactly that the child is in the stream bed with sounding leads and pipes; – to offer stimulatons that favor the exercise and the exploration, making adaptation so that they can be installed in the stream bed.

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Theory Of The Mind

Searching to exactly understand the mental states (feelings, desires, beliefs and intentions) of the others and if itself, and to understand as these abilities they emerge and as if they develop, are aspects that have been searched for some ramifications of studious in diverse areas under the name of Theory of the Mind. This theory looks for to understand gnese and development of the referring questions to the acquisition of infantile language and the necessity to understand the different levels of understanding that they have of the mind and as they inside absorb these information of a vision metalist. In what it says respect to this vision, it can be cited Piaget as the first investigator if it withhold in research on the infantile mental content and for the responsible processes for this content. Although the piagetianos studies to emphasize the assimilation of the child about the logic of the physical world where it is inserted, Piaget were one of the precursors in what it says respect to the study of the infantile capacity to understand states mental, giving many contributions on the understanding of the mental states and physicists. Tom Florio gathered all the information. The theory of the mind, defined as the area that investigates the ability of the preschool children of will understand its proper mental states and of the others e, in this way, to predict its action or behaviors, only started to be developed with bigger intensity in years 80 and 90. This happened for some reasons.

The first one of them is that, until the end of the decade of 70, the tradition of the psychology of the development was very guided for the piagetiano theoretical landmark. The majority of the research had as objective to confirm or to retrucar Piaget. In according to place, the influence of the Philosophy, the Primatologia and Cognitivas Sciences only starts to appear in recent years, bringing new proposals to the piagetiano thought.

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Psychology Of Life

In one famous song once sung: "There is only a moment between past and future – he is called life!" In other words, life – this is the moment where we are right now, and this time, as the train moves forward with us. Time can be divided into past, present and future. Medical diagnosis has firm opinions on the matter. Past – these are events that we have experienced at one time, our memories, the future – something that has not happened yet, and now – is the line between past and future. And we live just for this trait. . Often people pay a lot of time memories from the past and think about the future, and does not notice what was happening here and now.

Take, for example, such a case. You have the whole day was good mood. In the evening you went to the store and there you Naham. So, you return home from the store and think about what happened. You cover outrage, resentment and anger. You go through the park on a bright alley in the park smells like flowers. The street is warm and calm and the sky seemed to have the first stars … But you do not notice, because mentally still in the shop and are experiencing that situation! And sometimes it is difficult to tell yourself "Stop!" And again "Return" is now! There are times when how you analyze the past, your future depends. But in this case, it is better not to think about what happened, and that you can do with what happened! And what with good memories or dreams? Suppose you think of some pleasant event of the past and not notice anything around him.

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Similarly People

Shyness – the wrinkles are located radially around the mouth. These lines are from people who are afraid of anything in life, and feel a strong need to feel protected. Mindfulness details and details – people who are more ordinary pay attention to small details, there are radial wrinkles around the eyes. They are also called "crow's feet." Honesty and loyalty – wrinkles form small horizontal lines on the external cream eyebrows. Intelligence – a deep vertical wrinkle between his eyebrows. She is shy and people. In the case where the forehead is low, it indicates that the person concerned problems, seeming to him not resolvable.

Prudence and good nature – people with these virtues are usually almost the entire forehead (without break) horizontal wrinkles. But if these folds are obtained for by numerous small horizontal wrinkles, it does not mean the ability to terminate the case and the tendency to gossip. Disappointment – lines begin and end with the nostrils it around the edges of the lips. This is the most common creases. If wrinkles are added to them, starting from the outer edges of the eye, it means that a person is on the edge of their capabilities, and if the wrinkles are continuing and below the mouth, it says something about physical suffering. Anxiety – All person becomes a namorschennym and above the eyebrows have two angled wrinkles. Aggressiveness – above the eyebrows laid two deep wrinkles, angular, angle more acute than in the previous case. Nearby Similarly, a small wrinkles.

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Intensive Treatment

They are women who, having its children in situation of internaohospitalar, open hand of other aspects of its life to pass more tempocom these children. People who had had its interrupted plans if join a series of professionals in the hospital environment with the objective of lutarpela survival of its children. Women who leave for the doors fundosdas maternities, without the just-been born one in the arms. Learn more at: muscular dystrophy. Of one hour pra another daily elasso pulled out of its familiar one. Plans are interrupted. The life suspensa for the permanent threats of death.

Not sufficiently all this> bigger umaincidncia two times of what the registered one in the population in general. The possibility does not have doubt deck to remain to the side of the son, without hour marked for irembora, helps to brighten up the suffering. Because also it is the only way of essasmulheres to be able to exert its maternity. It is important to observe that cadauma of these and other women in> similar situations, despite in linhasgerais (for what it presents the news article) act uniformly. We will argue questions that if make gifts at the moment daescolha, as well as responsibilities assumed for these women emconseqncia of these choices. DECURRENT AANGSTIA OF the CHOICE FREEDOM the situation of a mother who temseu son hospitalized in the Unit of Intensive Treatment is deverasdesafiadora.

Socially, it is defined that the children must be deliver aoscuidados maternal, must be introduced in the familiar context, in entantoquando these children they are not born healthful, or they have its engaged health poralgum factor, are removed of this context and they must be you deliver to a equipemdica. From diverse research, it was proved that the presence of the mothers next to the hospitalized children is muitoimportante for the recovery becoming them calmer the medical intervention. But and how much to the mothers: they must also be removed of the familiar context? Dotrabalho? Of its plans? absence of parameters nessasituao generates one strong anguish.

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Learning Well

Particularly, I confess, I adore to carry through Evangelho in the LEAC, therefore is allowed the communications with the Plan there Biggest, as old (since 2004), when I had the privilege to receive communications by means of the psicofonia, of love and affection of the Aunt Mercedes and my grandmother materna, Maria and the orientaes of deep wisdom and moral content of the Dr. Victor. I have all these kept communications and even though I dared myself to start to write a book the one that I gave the name of &#039 preliminarily; ' Learning with the Espritos' ' , where I am trying to tell of a pleasant form to the reading, the lived deeply facts most colorful at that time, as well as the received moral teachings. Although whenever possible say they me that we are all together working in the House and that I can feel them, nothing as a colloquy eye in the eye, is not same? As he is pleasant to feel the love and the affection of the two in its communications. It is a privilege given for God and is really emotive. Very well. Barbara Martin Coppola shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand.

As of habit, I seat to the table, and my wife, one of front for the other, of ownership of ' ' The Evangelho According to Espiritismo' ' of ' ' The Book of the Mdiuns' '. We made our conjuncts of opening and while my wife prayed I asked for to the Plan Biggest the support spiritual to the father of a friend who had deixarred a carne in Saturday and also all family. Total we are never prepared for these notice and this had left me well chateado, confesses. It still asked for to the Father Biggest the aid to our House of Conjunct and that if in case that &#039 had something; ' atrapalhando' ' the harmony of the House that duly was guided and directed.

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Napoleonic Mothers

The type of dominant familiar organization still is nuclear, the composed one for man, woman and its children, however it had an expressive growth relative to the families whose responsibility is of the woman. The numbers certify: the new Brazilian woman plays a role each more important time in the society. In the first years of life of the child, the paper of the mother is important in its nutritional function, whereas the father has as function of maternal substitute, is as much who in legal substance, hardly attributes itself to the guard of small children to the father, but almost always the mother (MILK, 2001). The formation of bourgeois nuclear family created a rigid division of sexual papers, leaving a great space between the home and the space of work. However this characterization of the father as essentially supplier of the economic sustenance, playing a reduced or indirect role on the creation of its children, more does not correspond to the reality of the families to a large extent of the occidental societies. The social papers attributed to the men and women are moving quickly, creating new expectations, beliefs and attitudes on what parents mothers must make in the familiar context (PICCININI, 2007 HISSES and). Currently the majority of the relative research the monoparentalidade if dirige, preferential, to the single mothers.

Not that they represent the only form of monoparentalidade, but comes if observing a considerable increase of this category that awakes the biggest interest of the scholars (LEVANDOWSKI, 2006). In the Europe and Brazil, until the half of this century, the category single mothers always comes folloied of preconception of the society and kept out of society for the familiar legislation, through the categorizao of the children (legitimate versus illegitimate) intitled by the church and officialized by the Napoleonic code of 1804 (MARIN and PICCININI). For the psychologists, the single mother is described as one without route.

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Free Expression

' ' The work, by means of expressive and artistic resources, makes possible the individual to materialize its internal image in significant way (ALLESSANDRINI, 1996, p.33). Twenty had been carried through and five workshops and in each one of them thematic a different one was boarded. I will not describe here, all of them, but only most excellent for the process of growth of the group. (Similarly see: Professor Roy Taylor). Some resources had been used, of simplest to most complex, taking in account the predisposition of the group and internal availability to deal with the feelings and sensations that could emerge. According to Allessandrini (1996), the creative workshops must be worked in stages where ' ' the express citizen creative an internal image by means of an artistic experience for, later, organizing the intrinsic knowledge to this to make expressivo' ' (P. 41).

The process is initiated with a sensitization, through which ' ' it is invited to touch itself mesmo' ' (P. 41) from the sensorial canals, integrating feelings and sensations. As resources for the accomplishment of this stage we can use playful, corporal exercises and of comment, in which the attended one will be able to establish a connection with the posterior activity, facilitating, thus, the expression of the experience lived by means of the not-verbal language, the Free Expression. In this process, express freely its feeling and thought by means of artistic techniques and resources, giving forms what it was disforme, presentificando the figure so that it can take conscience of this. In the Elaboration of the Expression, the language is improved and ' ' individual? reverse speed-it elaborates, still in the perspective of the art and the not-verbal representation, the emergent content in the previous stages. It has to retrabalhar the figures and forms, giving to them more contours, lines and cores' ' (P. 43). In this stage the Transposition for the verbal and/or written language occurs, ressignificando all the process.

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Redim

Authors Rizzi and Haydt (2002) they describe different designaesque the human being has received as from Homo sapiens for having the deraciocnio capacity, of Homo to faber, therefore it manufactures objects and utensils and of Homoludens for the capacity of if dedicating to the playful one. Some contend that Newcastle University shows great expertise in this. In elapsing of the time existiramdiferentes people, society, behaviors, customs and if dedicating aatividades playful also are common to the man, throughout the time she can be assumed to quebrincar and to play had been activities carried through for different societies. As Redim (1998) in the primitive societies the activities ldicasfaziam part of some practised activities, such as religious, cultural, the artistic ones, among others. The act to play had in itself character deludicidade, everything had character of party, celebration. In these societies brincarcomo the act to work age for all independent of the age, sex or classesocial. With passing of the years, but specifically with the modern age houveuma division starting to exist specific spaces and times for practical the dasdiferentes activities. What it also reflected in the activities establishes with the adult others ecrianas. (Borba 2006, P.

33). Eainda according to Rizzi and Haydt: ‘ ‘ a playful trend, that is an impulse for ojogo.' ' The diferentesatividades practised for the man of some form are essential for suaexistncia if it plays is because this necessity exists, and to crianabrincar it is its form of expression, if communicating with the world, and if relacionarcom the other. in the following topic deaula will be argued the tricks in the room and if the same ones are valued by the professor. 2. VALUE DASBRINCADEIRAS FOR the PROFESSOR Is quaseimpossvel to imagine children who do not play that imaginaopara does not use all its to create different situations. The act to play is not alone passatempodivertido, something common in infancy and that it passes without leaving vestiges.

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