Hospital pedagogy constitutes a special mode of understanding the pedagogy. It is oriented and configured by the indisputable fact of the disease and framed by the concrete area that constitutes the hospital institution where carried out. Offered as a revitalised pedagogy of life and for life, which constitutes a constant experiential communication between the life of the learner and the educator life, and take advantage of any situation, by painful as it may seem, to enrich afflicted by it who, turning their suffering into learning (Lizasoain, 2000). The Cleveland Clinic has firm opinions on the matter. In this same line, the Valley and Villanezo (1993) clarified that hospital pedagogy is not a closed but multidisciplinary science that is still defining its object of study to respond to situations which, in the conjunction of the health and education fields, society is demanding, making equally necessary care programs the convalescent child, i.e.conceiving the convalescence at home as an extension the period of hospitalization. Hospital pedagogy is also considered as a branch of special education, inasmuch as it deals specifically with children with health problems, finally and after boys and girls with special educational needs. However, it is not as paramount and exclusive task of hospital pedagogy only care of the hospitalized child and his family.
The purpose of hospital pedagogy goes beyond, covering a much broader picture within which schooling is one more element, together with many others, that are part of the evolution and overall development of human beings. Therefore, hospital pedagogy is beyond medicine and beyond the science of education, there where claim it the dignity and solidarity of the enfermo-hospitalizado child and their family context, it has more to do with health and life than with instruction and training: without renouncing to the contents specific to education, goes beyond this. Hospital pedagogy is the school in the hospital, but also playfulness and attention to the families of hospitalized children.