Roots, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs – Radices, Rhizomata, Tubera, Bulbi, dried after cleaning. Thick roots and rhizomes, if they do not cut, you need to be dried at low temperature (40 C), with a uniform evaporation of the inner and outer parts of them without discoloration and decay without active substances. Uncut and thick roots to dry slowly. Much faster than dry or thin sliced thick roots. Introduced a method of drying medicinal plants with infrared light. In this case the infrared rays penetrate the plant material, resulting in the drying process is very fast.
However, this method is difficult to use for large quantities of raw materials. Saponin and can be dried by lyophilization. This method is used for drying plant materials that are active components are especially easy to split. Lyophilization is carried out at low temperature (20 C). The moisture content of dried material of only 2-4.5%.
It is established that this method of drying medicinal plants containing alkaloids tropanovye, there is a higher percentage of alkaloids than the raw, dried at 50 C. During the drying process by conservation of raw materials, but is not guaranteed to complete stabilization, so that some authors believe that herbal preparations (tinctures, extracts, etc.) – better ways in which medical factor is in a stable form. Now apply and highly purified preparations are more stable than herbal. In recent years in Bulgaria put into practice, and dry (scattered) aqueous extracts of raw materials – Pharmacotherapeutic group. Pure substances isolated from the raw materials, have significant advantages in comparison with him or made from raw materials of herbal medicines, since only in this form can be preserved and monitored their therapeutic effect. However, this effect is not always coincide with the pharmacological effect of medicinal plants. Therefore, the treatment dosage form is introduced, which has the most favorable pharmacological action, which is achieved through experimentation. Sometimes the composition of the raw material for drying and changing under the influence of other factors that have no biological origin. Thus, formed during the drying, acidic substances can cause racemization of optically active components in fresh plants. After drying, the material is subjected to a new clean, sort, final drying, resp. grinding and packaging. The purpose of the last cleaning – to remove from the raw random foreign objects into parts of plants or parts that are lost during the drying of its natural color. Raw finally dried to moisture content required to satisfy the norms or standards of the pharmacopoeia. We can not allow drying out, since such material is easily broken and turns into a powder (especially, leaves, flowers) when packaging and transport. Sorting is carried out according to the instructions of standards for different qualities of the same type of raw material (I, II and III) depending on the destination – pharmacy or industrial raw materials. Saponin (except some small fruits and seeds) are used in pharmacy practice or pharmaceutical plants in the state of sliced or crushed into powder. Narezivaniya to use special machinery – for cutting, grinding mills, screens, etc. in designated premises. Some types of raw materials – leaves, flowers, roots and rhizomes for greater convenience and to avoid losses subjected pressing. Pressed or not leathery leaves and small flowers, some roots and roots. Grinding medicinal plants when pressed – a slight, and thus avoid the growth of molds, if feedstock contains moisture in an acceptable range. When packing material is also important and all packing material. –
Tagged as: medicine, Traditional medicine
Changing the price nothing will be returnable no longer to save. The introduction of an environmental levy on beverage packaging remains therefore the best and also Europe legally enforceable way to multi way, so the nature protection Association Germany (NABU). It documents a study presented in the last year of the oko-Institut in behalf of NABU. Unfortunately this proposal was not sufficiently taken by the German Federal Environmental Agency. If you have read about Sam Lesser Penn already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Instead, the extension of the mandatory of deposit have no steering effect in contrast to the tax proposed by the NABU will proposed. A Getrankeverpackungs control is the only viable solution to curb the further increase in polluting non-returnable bottles. In addition to the steering effect would the Treasury up to 3.3 billion euros annually in revenue bring,”says NABU – CEO Leif Miller. The liter mineral water risen according to the NABU proposal in the returnable plastic to 9.4 cents in the returnable bottle made of plastic, however, only about two cents.
The liter would give a price premium juice in beverage carton from 3.3 cents. The bifa Environmental Institute deems unenforceable tax solutions politically. On this conclusion, critics of the UBA study reacted with incomprehension. Here an environment Institute would exceed probably its competencies, to weigh what was politically and what not. NABU’s proposal was examined at all not extensively analyzed in the study.
Background: The above photo is from a discounter in Bonn, which has established a waste container next to his redemption machines for disposable bottles, which does not accept the machine. Also this refuse container is a gold mine for not redeemed mortgage. See also: It’s official: lubricate more way drinks – steering effect of labelling is according to “fizzle of the Ministry: the Getrankeverpackungs labeling regulations proposed by the Environment Ministry” encounters resistance at the Ministry of Economic Affairs. We have doubts whether the labelling is an effective means for the stabilization of reusable”, so Andrea Junemann. The existing labelling of disposable drinks with the logo of the German mortgage GmbH and the logo of the multi way Alliance for more way drinks enough. The initiative of the BMU should therefore be critically. Ultimately the labeling requirement was the lesser of two evils, as enshrined in the coalition agreement of the Black Yellow Government. Expert discussion, the Ministerialbeamtin confirmed that the multi way quota will lubricate continue also with the marking. Consumers will continue to go the easy way and buy at the discount store disposable products”, Jackson said. The audio file of the lecture by Jackson on which I can tell time blog are obtained. Cheat with deposit – a case for dumping prices for disposable beverage Cartel Office.
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